PAD Stories

"This time, with a PAD, I did not receive any treatments that I did not want. They were very respectful.  I really felt like the hospital took better care of me because I had my PAD. In fact, I think it's the best care that I've ever received."

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National Resource Center on Psychiatric Advance Directives - Who We Are

Who We Are

Marvin Swartz, MDMarvin Swartz, M.D. is Professor and Head, Division of Social and Community Psychiatry at the Duke University School of Medicine and Co-Director of the Services Effectiveness Research Program. His research interests include psychiatric advance directives, mental health services for persons with severe mental illness, mandated community treatment, and outpatient commitment. Dr. Swartz is a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment and is CO-PI of the NIMH Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) for Schizophrenia.



Image Jeffrey Swanson is Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine.  He is a medical sociologist (Ph.D., Yale, 1985) with expertise in psychiatric epidemiology and mental health services and policy studies.  His research interests include psychiatric advance directives, violence and severe mental illness, and mandated community treatment. Dr. Swanson is principal investigator of the first major study of the implementation of psychiatric advance directives for adults with severe mental illness in the United States, funded by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation through its Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment.  Dr. Swanson is the recipient of an Independent Research Scientist Career Award from the National Institute of Mental Health.  He is a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment.



Elbogen Eric B. Elbogen, Ph.D. is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill School of Medicine. He is trained as a clinical-forensic psychologist and his current research examines issues in civil forensic psychology (psychiatric advance directives, representative payeeship, and competency to make treatment decisions) and criminal forensic psychology (violence risk assessment and management, legal decisionmaking of dangerousness, and reduction of restraint and seclusions). Dr. Elbogen also provides forensic and neuropsychological services at John Umstead Hospital, a state psychiatric facility in Butner, NC.



Bernstein Robert Bernstein, Ph.D., is Executive Director of the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law and a psychologist with a strong interest in ensuring meaningful community participation and promoting the consumer voice within mental health systems, particularly for individuals who are marginalized or neglected by public systems. For 19 years prior to his appointment to this post, Dr. Bernstein was the architect and director of one of the nation's oldest and largest mental health and aging programs. NSO-Older Adult Services in Detroit, Michigan, featured an innovative system that blended in-home services and advocacy to support older adults with persistent mental illnesses in integrated community settings. He has published several important papers and served as an expert in litigation concerning such areas as conditions in psychiatric institutions, the use of seclusion and restraint, community mental health, older adult needs, and fair housing. He is a member of the Behavioral Health Professional Technical Advisory Committee of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and contributed to the preparation of the 1999 Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health and the President’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health.



Burnim Ira Burnim, Esq. is a magna cum laude graduate of Harvard Law School, who joined the Bazelon Center's legal staff in 1988 and is now legal director. Formerly, Burnim served as legal director of the Children's Defense Fund and prior to that as a senior attorney of the Southern Poverty Law Center. He has litigated precedent-setting cases on mental health and child welfare system reform, managed health care, and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Burnim is a member of the board of directors of the American Civil Liberties Union of Maryland. 




Koyanagi Chris Koyanagi is responsible for the legislative and policy advocacy agenda of the Bazelon Center. Prior to joining the Bazelon Center, Koyanagi served as Vice President of Government Affairs for the National Association of Mental Health - the nation's oldest and largest nonprofit addressing all aspects of mental health and mental illness. With more than twenty-five years of experience as a government affairs specialist in the mental health and disabilities fields, Koyanagi is one of the nation's leading experts on mental health policy. In addition to her work at the Bazelon Center, she serves on several mental health policy advisory committees and has authored numerous articles and other publications on mental health policy.


NRC-PAD Advisory Board